Coaxial speakers, also known as full-range speakers, are a type of car speaker that includes the woofer and tweeter in a single unit. They are designed to reproduce a wide range of frequencies, typically from around 50 Hz to 20 kHz. Coaxial speakers are a good choice for those who want an easy to install and budget-friendly option for upgrading the sound system in their car.
Component speakers, on the other hand, consist of separate woofers, tweeters, and crossovers. The woofers are responsible for reproducing the lower frequencies, while the tweeters handle the higher frequencies. The crossovers divide the audio signal and send the appropriate frequencies to the woofers and tweeters. Component speakers offer better sound quality and more control over the soundstage, but they also require more installation work and tend to be more expensive than coaxial speakers.
Coaxial car speakers are typically single units that contain the tweeter, midrange speaker and woofer all in one convenient package. These are easier to install and therefore the more popular option. Component car speakers are generally sold with individual parts, such as a midrange, tweeter, and crossover that all must be installed separately. This allows for greater design flexibility and installation customization, but requires a more complex installation process.